How much money do I need to retire? It seems a very simple question with a complicated answer. You may have heard lump sums amount of $500,000. If you’re a single person and an amount of $1,000,000 if you are having a spouse but a much more accurate rule of thumb than this is actually ‘It depends.’
It is about income, not money
One important point when it comes to determining your retirement is that it is not about deciding on a certain amount of savings this is totally wrong logic. Instead, you should consider, whether you have enough money to create the income you need to enjoy your desired quality of life after you retire. This is the most important thing to determine when you are planning to retire.
There are a series of factors ranging from how much you should save to how much you need to spend and all of them can differently influence how much money you’ll need to retire. No matter whether you’re 25 or 55, it can be proved so helpful if you answer a few questions to help you clarify the purpose and prospects of retirement. Here is what you consider in the beginning and why that matters.
How much income do you need?
You don’t need to replace 100% of your pre-retirement income because when you retire, you are typically able to eliminate certain expenses from your life. For example:
- Obviously, you will no longer need to save for retirement.
- You spend less on commuting expenses and other costs related to work.
- You might have already paid off your mortgage.
- You may not need life insurance.
But retiring on 80% of your annual income is not a good idea for everyone. If your expenses will be significantly different then you might need to adjust your goal based on your budget. For instance, if you plan to travel frequently after your retirement, you should aim for 90% to 100% of your pre-retirement income. On the contrary to it, if you plan to pay off your mortgage before you retire, then you can live comfortably on less than 80%.
If you consider yourself the typical retiree laying between you and your spouse then you will be having an annual income of $120,000. But based on the 80% principle, you might expect to need about $96,000 in annual income after retirement, which is $8,000 per month.
What are the reliable income sources?
The good news is that you’ll get some help from sources other than your savings, such as your social security benefits if you are like most people, for whom Social Security is a significant amount of income source.
But its percentage is typically lower for higher-income retirees, for example, if Fidelity estimates that you’re earning about $50,000 per year then you can expect Social Security to replace 35% of your income. But if you are earning $300,000 per year then you would have a Social Security income replacement at the rate of 11% on average.
In case you have any pensions coming from current or former jobs, make sure you take them into consideration. The same thing implies to any other predictable and permanent sources of income. For instance, if you have bought an annuity that kicks in after you retire, or you have tapped your home equity through a reverse mortgage.
So, we are here continuing our example of a couple that needs $8,000 in monthly income to retire, let’s say each spouse gets $1,500 per month from Social Security, and each of the spouses gets a monthly pension of $1,000. This implies that, out of the $8,000 in monthly income needs of both spouses, an amount of $4,000 will come from guaranteed income. The remaining amount of $4,000 will come from sources such as investments and savings.
How much savings are required by you to get retired?
Now let’s determine how much savings you actually need to get retired. After you have successfully figured out how much income you need to generate from your savings, the next and immediate step is to estimate how large your retirement nest egg needs to be. So, that you may produce this much income in perpetuity.
A retirement calculator is one option but you can also use the “4% rule.” This rule states that in your first year of retirement, you should withdraw only 4% of your retirement savings. So, if you have a saving of $1 million, you should take $40,000 out during your first year of retirement and in subsequent years of retirement, you can adjust this amount upward as your cost-of-living increases.
This is a great idea, which if followed properly then you would not have to worry about running out of money in retirement. The rule of 4% is designed to make sure your money has a high probability of lasting for almost 30 years specifically.
As we have seen in the previous section that a couple would need an amount of $4,000 per month from their savings. Therefore, they should aim for an amount of $1.2 million in retirement savings accounts per year. It is also very important to note that the 4% rule has a number of drawbacks. It states that you should withdraw the same amount each year and adjusted it for inflation.
Actually, in some circumstances, you may need to withdraw an amount that is more or less than the standard 4%. Just like in the duration of a stock market correction, you may limit your withdrawals to give your investments time to rebound. Therefore, recent stock market volatility shows just how important it is for retirees to have some cash on hand.
Conclusion on retirement savings goals:
There is no actual way of calculating your retirement savings. Your investment performance varies over time, and it is difficult to accurately project your actual income needs. Moreover, it’s worth mentioning that not all retirement plans are of the same magnitude when it comes to income.
There are also many other potential considerations of this. Older workers often have to retire early due to layoffs, health problems, caregiving duties, etc. Therefore, saving for a longer retirement than anticipated gives you a safety cushion. It’s also important to consider the influence of inflation and its fluctuations on your retirement plans.
But even when costs rise at a typical rate, inflation hits senior households harder as compared to working-age households. By utilizing the above-given tactics that have been discussed in this article. You can have a good estimate of your needs if you want to retire comfortably.
If you still have queries, you can ask them in the comment section below